DOI: https://doi.org/10.3103/S0735272718120051
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Panoramic view of the first iteration Sierpinski carpet patterned RDRA

Sierpinski carpet patterned rectangular dielectric resonator antenna for X-band application using teflon

Dipali Soren, Rowdra Ghatak, R. K. Mishra, D. R. Poddar

Abstract


This paper presents a wideband Sierpinski carpet fractal patterned rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antenna (DRA) operating in the X-band, which is characterized by dielectric waveguide model method (DWM). In order to decrease the cost of the DRA the low-cost teflon is used as the material. A prototype is realized to validate the results of the simulation. The paper provides a comparison between conventional rectangular DRA and fractal shaped rectangular DRAs of the first and the second iterations. The antenna design methodology is discussed along with its resonance and radiation characteristics. The validity of the obtained results is proved by the close match of the experimental and simulation results. The measurements on prototype show impedance bandwidth of 48% covering the entire X-band with similar radiation pattern throughout the band with a gain of 7.5 dBi over 9.0–11.5 GHz.

Keywords


broadband; dielectric resonator antenna; fractal; Sierpinski carpet

Full Text:

PDF

References


LONG, S.A.; MCALLISTER, M.W.; SHEN, L.C. “The resonant cylindrical dielectric cavity antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.31, n.3, p.406, 1983. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.1983.1143080.

LUK, K.M.; LEUNG, K.W. (eds.). Dielectric Resonator Antennas. England: Research Studies Press Ltd., 2002.

DENIDNI, T.A.; COULIBALY, Y.; BOUTAYAB, H. “Hybrid dielectric resonator antenna with circular mushroom-like structure for gain improvement,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.57, n.4, p.1043, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2009.2015809.

KISHK, A.A.; YIN, Y.; GLISSON, A.W. “Conical dielectric resonator antennas for wide-band applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.50, n.4, p.469, Apr. 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2002.1003382.

KISHK, A.A. “Tetrahedron and triangular dielectric resonator antenna with wideband performance,” Proc. of IEEE AP-S Int. Symp., 16-21 June 2002, San Antonio, USA. IEEE, 2002, v.4, p.462-465. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/APS.2002.1017021.

KISHK, A.A. “Wide-band truncated tetrahedron dielectric resonator antenna excited by a coaxial probe,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.51, n.10, p.2913, Oct. 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2003.816300.

DENIDNI, Tayeb A.; RAO, Q.; SEBAK, A.R. “Broadband L-shaped dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.4, p.453, 2005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2005.860198.

CHANG, T.-H.; HUANG, Y.-C.; SU, W.-F.; KIANG, J.-F. “Wideband dielectric resonator antenna with a tunnel,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.7, p.275, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2008.928477.

COULIBALY, Y.; DENIDNI, Tayeb A.; BOUTAYEB, Halim. “Broadband microstrip-fed dielectric resonator antenna for X-band applications,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.7, p.3441, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2008.921326.

LAPIERRE, M.; ANTAR, Y.M.M.; ITTIPIBOON, A.; PETOSA, A. “A wideband monopole antenna using dielectric resonator loading,” IEEE Antennas Propagation Society Int. Symp. Dig., 22-27 June 2003, Columbus, USA. IEEE, 2003, v.3, p.16-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/APS.2003.1219778.

JUNKER, G.P.; KISHK, A.A.; GLISSON, A.W.; KAJIFEZ, D. “Effect of air gap on cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna operating in TM01 mode,” Electronics Lett., v.30, n.2, p.97, 1994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/el:19940114.

JUNKER, G.P.; KISHK, A.A.; GLISSON, A.W.; KAJFEZ, D. “Effect of an air gap around the coaxial probe exciting a cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna,” Electronics Lett., v.30, n.3, p.177, 1994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/el:19940191.

COULIBALY, Y.; DENIDNI, T.A.; TALBI, L. “Design of a broadband hybrid dielectric resonator antenna for X-band applications,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., v.20, n.12, p.1629, 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156939306779292354.

REZAEI, P.; HAKKAK, M.; FOROORAGHI, K. “Effect of magnetic layer on the microstrip-excited rectangular dielectric resonator antennas bandwidth,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., v.21, n.7, p.915, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156939307780749011.

KINGSLEY, S.P.; O’KEEFE, S.G. “Beam steering and monopulse processing of probe-fed dielectric resonator antennas,” IEE Proc. - Radar, Sonar Navigation, v.146, n.3, p.121, June 1999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/ip-rsn:19990307.

GHATAK, R.; PODDAR, D.R.; MISHRA, R.K. “Design of Sierpinski gasket fractal microstrip antenna using real coded genetic algorithm,” IET Microwave Antennas Propag., v.3, n.7, p.1133, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-map.2008.0257.

SOREN, Dipali; GHATAK, Rowdra; MISHRA, R.K.; PODDAR, D.R. “Sierpinski carpet fractal pattern embedded multisegment rectangular dielectric resonator antenna for Wi-MAX and WLAN application,” Proc. of Int. Symp. on Microwaves and Millimeterwaves: Basics and Technology, ISoMM 09, 14-16 Jan. 2009, Kolkata, India, 2009.

KARMAKAR, D.P.; SOREN, Dipali; GHATAK, Rowdra; PODDAR, Dipak R.; MISHRA, Rabindra K. “A wideband Sierpinski carpet fractal cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna for X-band application,” Proc. of IEEE Applied Electromagnetics Conf., 14-16 Dec. 2009, Kolkata, India. IEEE, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/AEMC.2009.5430713.

GANGWAR, R.K.; SINGH, S.P.; KUMAR, D. “A modified fractal rectangular curve dielectric resonator antenna for WiMAX application,” PIER C, v.12, p.37, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2528/PIERC09111303.

GUHA, D.; BANERJEE, A.; KUMAR, C.; ANTAR, Y.M.M. “Higher order mode excitation for high-gain broadside radiation from cylindrical dielectric resonator antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.60, n.1, p.71, Jan. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2011.2167922.

MOTEVASSELIAN, A.; ELLGARDT, A.; JONSSON, B.L.G. “A circularly polarized cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna using a helical exciter,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.61, n.3, p.1439, Mar. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2012.2229954.

SUN, Y.X.; LEUNG, K.W. “Dual-band and wideband dual-polarized cylindrical dielectric resonator antennas,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.12, p.384, Mar. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2013.2251993.

FANG, X.S.; LEUNG, K.W.; LUK, K.M. “Theory and experiment of three-port polarization-diversity cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.62, n.10, p.4945, Oct. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2014.2341698.

PAN, Y.M.; ZHENG, S.Y.; HU, B.J. “Design of dual-band omnidirectional cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.13, p.710, Apr. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2014.2314745.

AVADANEI, O.G.; BANCIU, M.G.; NEDELCU, L. “Higher-order modes in high-permittivity cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna excited by an off-centered rectangular slot,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.13, p.1585, Aug. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2014.2344860.

PAN, Y.M.; ZHENG, S.Y.; LI, W. “Dual-band and dual-sense omnidirectional circularly polarized antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.13, p.706, Apr. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2014.2314744.

KHALILY, M.; KAMARUDIN, M.R.; MOKAYEF, M.; JAMALUDDIN, M.H. “Omnidirectional circularly polarized dielectric resonator antenna for 5.2-GHz WLAN applications,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.13, p.443, Mar. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2014.2309657.

ALTAF, Amir; YANG, Youngoo; LEE, Kang-Yoon; HWANG, Keum Cheol. “Circularly polarized Spidron fractal dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., v.14, p.1806, Apr. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2015.2427373.

MAITY, Sudipta; GUPTA, Bhaskar. “Experimental investigations on wideband triangular dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.64, n.12, p.5483, Dec. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2016.2607765.

TANG, Hui; CHEN, Jian-Xin; YANG, Wen-Wen; ZHOU, Li-Heng; LI, Wenhua. “Differential dual-band dual-polarized dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., v.65, n.2, p.855, Feb. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2016.2630661.







© Radioelectronics and Communications Systems, 2004–2019
When you copy an active link to the material is required
ISSN 1934-8061 (Online), ISSN 0735-2727 (Print)
tel./fax +38044 204-82-31, 204-90-41