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Main processes of dark current

QWIP focal plane array theoretical model of 3-D imaging LADAR system

Mohamed Bakry El Mashade, Ahmed Elsayed AbouElez


The aim of this research is to develop a model for the direct detection three-dimensional (3-D) imaging LADAR system using Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector (QWIP) Focal Plane Array (FPA). This model is employed to study how to add 3-D imaging capability to the existing conventional thermal imaging systems of the same basic form which is sensitive to 3–5 mm (mid-wavelength infrared, MWIR) or 8–12 mm (long-wavelength infrared, LWIR) spectral bands. The integrated signal photoelectrons in case of short integration time is required to transmit laser pulses with higher energy in order to obtain photoelectrons nearest those values obtained from the background photoelectrons in thermal imaging system with the longer interval of time. Since the operating conditions of the proposed system are of low levels for speckle diversity and high levels of signal photoelectrons, it was shown that the signal obeys the Gaussian probability density function. The evaluation of system performance of the proposed model shows that it needs a detector with low dark current and high transmitted energy to obtain satisfactory parameter values.


quantum well infrared photodetector; three-dimensional imaging; direct detection; ladar

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